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scapula bone in tamil

The scapula forms the back of the shoulder girdle. The front of the scapula (also known as the costal or ventral surface) has a broad concavity called the subscapular fossa, to which the subscapularis muscle attaches. In anatomy, the scapula, omo (Medical Latin), or shoulder blade, is the bone that connects the humerus (arm bone) with the clavicle (collar bone). Umerus was also used to refer specifically to the shoulder. The clavicle was present in saurischian dinosaurs but largely absent in ornithischian dinosaurs. An abnormally protruding inferior angle of the scapula is known as a winged scapula and can be caused by paralysis of the serratus anterior muscle. 49 year female with tuberculous osteomyelitis of the scapula. Many muscles are located in the area of the shoulder girdle, including rotator cuff muscles, nerve networks such as the brachial plexus, and upper arm muscles. Protraction and retraction of the scapula assist with movement of the pectoral girdle and chest muscles both forward and back, respectively. Its lower third presents a broader, somewhat triangular surface, the inferior angle of the scapula, which gives origin to the Teres major, and over which the Latissimus dorsi glides; frequently the latter muscle takes origin by a few fibers from this part. From the 15th to the 18th month after birth, ossification takes place in the middle of the coracoid process, which as a rule becomes joined with the rest of the bone about the 15th year. It connects upper limbs to the axial skeleton through the clavicle, acromioclavicular joint, sternoclavicular joint and glenohumeral joint. [22], Latin spatha is derived from ancient Greek σπάθη. Our service is 100% free here some example pronunciations pages are listed. The most common site is in long bones, namely, femur, tibia,and humerus.Osteochondroma of flat bones especially is a rarity. [31] This meaning could refer to the shape of the shoulder blade. Although sturdy in cartilagenous fish, both plates are generally small in most other fish, and may be partially cartilagenous, or consist of multiple bony elements. Picture 2. scapulas or scapulae the shoulder blade: a triangular bone, a pair of which form the back part of the shoulder girdle. Failure of bony union between the acromion and spine sometimes occurs (see os acromiale), the junction being effected by fibrous tissue, or by an imperfect articulation; in some cases of supposed fracture of the acromion with ligamentous union, it is probable that the detached segment was never united to the rest of the bone. Quickly memorize the terms, phrases and much more. It can affect a person's ability to lift, pull, and push weighty objects. The medial two-thirds of the fossa have 3 longitudinal oblique ridges, and another thick ridge adjoins the lateral border; they run outward and upward. Background: Osteochondroma is the most common primary bone tumor. The scapula plays a key role in upper-limb function and stability. Subluxation of the shoulder joint occurs from extreme forms of ligament laxity. Causes. [3] These muscles attach to the surface of the scapula and are responsible for the internal and external rotation of the shoulder joint, along with humeral abduction. The superior angle is located at the approximate level of the second thoracic vertebra. scapulas, scapulae / lee /. She is an in-patient physician at Novant Health Huntersville Medical Center in North Carolina. A scapula fracture is a break to this bone. The scapula, or shoulder blade, is a large triangular-shaped bone that lies in the upper back. scapular cartilage translation in English-Tamil dictionary. Abnormal scapular function is called scapular dyskinesis. Between the 14th and 20th years, the remaining parts ossify in quick succession, and usually in the following order: first, in the root of the coracoid process, in the form of a broad scale; secondly, near the base of the acromion; thirdly, in the inferior angle and contiguous part of the vertebral border; fourthly, near the outer end of the acromion; fifthly, in the vertebral border. Sommaire 1 … Wikipédia en Français In human anatomy, the clavicle or collarbone is a long bone of short length that serves as a strut between the scapula and the sternum. [21] The name scapula might be related that due to existence of the spine of the scapula a concavity exist in the scapula. [26] Concordantly σπάθη was also used to refer to the shoulder blade. It is most often caused by trauma. Costal surface of left scapula. The scapula, better known as the shoulder blade, is a triangular bone that serves as a joining force between the clavicle and the humerus. It moves forwards round the chest when the arm is abducted. These attach to the medial, superior, and inferior borders of the scapula. Learn more. This condition may be associated with other musculoskeletal defects in the body. Lin JJ, Hanten WP, Olson SL, et al. It is one of the two bones that make up the pectoral girdle. shoulder blade noun: شفرة الكتف, العظم الكتفي: Watch and Learn. What are the signs and symptoms of a scapular fracture? Definition of winged scapula in the Definitions.net dictionary. being a flat, broad blade, with the latter three words etymological related to each other. The portion above the spine is called the supraspinous fossa, and that below it the infraspinous fossa. The collarbone; the prominent bone at the top of the chest between the shoulder and the neck connecting the shoulder and the breastbone. [30] The second explanation relates shoulder to ancient Greek σκέλος,[32] leg. The Tamil for shoulder bone is தோள்பட்டை எலும்பு. The two muscles most commonly inhibited during this first part of an overhead motion are the serratus anterior and the lower trapezius. The scapula plays a key role in upper-limb function and stability. The degree of displacement of the shoulder blade can range from two to 10 centimeters.. In this condition the sides of the scapula nearest the spine are positioned outward and backward. a small sharp-pointed tip resembling a spike on a stem or leaf . The shoulder blade (or wingbone ), the familiar flat triangular bone at the back of the shoulder. Additionally, due to the location of the scapula on the axilla, there are many lymph nodes and lymph networks in this area which assist with fluid drainage and balance within the body. [24][26] The aforementioned πλάται for shoulder blades was also used for blades of an oar. spina scapulae. The scapula serves as the attachment site for a dinosaur's back and forelimb muscles. Those three bones were referred to as the ossa (Latin: bones[22]) umeri (Latin: of the umerus). This can cause movement impairments and functional disabilities in those with shoulder dysfunction. This can lead to a variety of other issues, including impingement and subluxation. * ribs The ribs protect many internal organs, such as the heart. The inferior angle is broader below than above and its vertical diameter is the longest. [28], Shoulder blade is colloquial name for this bone. English Tamil English - Tamil; spindle-shanks; spindle-shaped; spindle-whorl; spindly; spindrift; spine ; Spine ... as a porcupine quill or a ridge on a bone or a ray of a fish fin. Superior border shown in red. Scapula is the anatomical term for the shoulder blade. Int J Sports Phys Ther. van, Sijs, N. van der (1997). The two fossae are connected by the spinoglenoid notch, situated lateral to the root of the spine. The first supposes that shoulder can be literally translated as that which shields or protects,[30] as its possibly related to Icelandic skioldr, shield and skyla, to cover, to defend. The scapula is a large triangular flat bone situated in the dorsal part of the thorax between the second and the seventh ribs. 1 They are most commonly seen in men between 25 and 45 years of age. Scapula Bone. Information and translations of winged scapula in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the web. The prominent bone between the shoulder and the neck. 2013;8(5):617-29. Contextual translation of "scapula bone" into German. It is thick and rough and its posterior or back surface affords attachment to the teres major and often to a few fibers of the latissimus dorsi. Kiel J, Kaiser K. Acromioclavicular Joint Injury. Left scapula. Upward rotation of the scapula occurs when the arm moves both up and outward simultaneously. Show … Further, an epiphysial plate appears for the lower part of the glenoid cavity, and the tip of the coracoid process frequently has a separate nucleus. As an object of popular piety, it serves to remind the wearers of their commitment to live a Christian life. It commonly occurs in young people and the growth of the tumor ceases with maturity. Etymologie. The scapula is ossified from 7 or more centers: one for the body, two for the coracoid process, two for the acromion, one for the vertebral border, and one for the inferior angle. [21] Besides the aforementioned os latum scapularum, Celsus used os latum umeri to refer to the shoulder blade. This seemingly simple motion requires significant shoulder stabilization due to the intricacies of the humerus and scapula. This can cause mild pain and loss of range of motion in simple cases or symptoms mimicking that of nerve damage, where there is no motion in the scapula due to loss of ligament function.. Interpretation Translation These tumors can arise from both the dorsal and the ventral surface. (2007). [24] The latter spots the possible root skel-,[26] meaning to bend, to curve. Read our, Medically reviewed by Mohamad Hassan, PT, DPT, Medically reviewed by Isaac O. Opole, MD, PhD, Medically reviewed by Jonathan Cluett, MD, Medically reviewed by Erin Pereira, DPT, OCS, Medically reviewed by Rochelle Collins, DO, Medically reviewed by Stuart Hershman, MD, Verywell Health uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience. No need to register, buy now! Lateral border shown in red. [16] These two muscles act as a force couple within the glenohumeral joint to properly elevate the acromion process, and if a muscle imbalance exists, shoulder impingement may develop. Philadelphia/London: W.B. How to say scapula in Tamil. Because the Anatomy of the Human Body", "Fractures of the scapula surgical neck: outcome after conservative treatment in 13 cases", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Scapula&oldid=996497851, Wikipedia articles incorporating text from the 20th edition of Gray's Anatomy (1918), Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Upward rotation: upper and lower trapezius, serratus anterior, This page was last edited on 26 December 2020, at 23:38. Upward rotation and downward rotation of the scapula assist with stabilization of the shoulder capsule during excessive arm motion. The scapula, better known as the shoulder blade, is a triangular bone that serves as a joining force between the clavicle and the humerus. scapulas or scapulae the shoulder blade: a triangular bone, a pair of which form the back part of the shoulder girdle. The bone is surrounded and supported by a complex system of muscles that work together to help you move your arm. Medical dictionary. When they do occur, they are an indication that severe chest trauma has occurred. [21][22] Oddly enough, classical Latin non-diminutive spatha can be translated as English spatula,[22] while its Latin diminutive spatula is not translated as English spatula. Scapula fractures are rare, accounting for less than 1% of all fractures and only 3% to 5% of fractures of the shoulder. [24] In anatomic Latin, ὠμοπλάτη is Latinized as omoplata. A scapular fracture is a break in your shoulder blade (scapula). Rehabilitation of injury to a shoulder ligament injury and shoulder impingement syndrome would include rest and splinting to ensure proper positioning. Vries, J. de, Tollenaere, F. de & Persijn, A.J. When excessive pressure is placed on nerves over an extended period of time, this can lead to a permanent loss of nerve function. For this reason, immediate treatment of shoulder impingement is paramount to restoring function and normal movement. Use * for blank tiles (max 2) Advanced Search Advanced Search: Use * for blank spaces Advanced Search: Advanced Word Finder: See Also in Tamil. The spine on its dorsal (back) surface ends at the acromion process at the top of the shoulder. The scapula bone or shoulder blade, is the bone that connects the humerus (upper arm bone) with the clavicle (collar bone), vintage line drawing or en ID: 2B771JC (RF) An ox scapula treated for oracle taking, excavated in 1971 at Anyang, Honan. You also search and Hear and Learn audio audio pronunciation. The central part of the supraspinatus fossa and the upper part of the infraspinatous fossa, but especially the former, are usually so thin in humans as to be semitransparent; occasionally the bone is found wanting in this situation, and the adjacent muscles are separated only by fibrous tissue. At the upper part of the fossa is a transverse depression, where the bone appears to be bent on itself along a line at right angles to and passing through the center of the glenoid cavity, forming a considerable angle, called the subscapular angle; this gives greater strength to the body of the bone by its arched form, while the summit of the arch serves to support the spine and acromion. In amphibians and reptiles (birds included), these two bones are distinct, but together form a single structure bearing many of the muscle attachments for the forelimb. At birth, a large part of the scapula is osseous, but the glenoid cavity, the coracoid process, the acromion, the vertebral border and the inferior angle are cartilaginous. Your collarbone, arm bones, lungs, or chest may also be affected. The scapula has three borders- superior, medial (vertebral), and lateral (axillary). The scapula is a wide, flat bone lying on the thoracic wall that provides an attachment for three groups of muscles: intrinsic, extrinsic, and stabilising and rotating muscles. It provides the primary connections between the chest and the arm. Abstract. ligament in Tamil Nadu population of India. Animation. The right scapula from the front and back side. In addition, any condition causing weakness of the serratus anterior muscle may cause scapular "winging". Scapula Anatomy. This angle is formed by the junction of the superior and medial borders of the scapula. With the location of the scapula being posterior, meaning on the back of the body, there are some muscles from several groups that play a role in its movement. Splints and braces are very helpful in promoting proper posture and preventing further injury. Federative Committee on Anatomical Terminology (FCAT) (1998). Herkunfstwörterbuch der deutschen Sprache. The spine on its dorsal (back) surface ends … The surgical neck exits medial to the coracoid process.[14]. Splints, braces, or slings can be provided by medical professionals or through treatment by a physical or occupational therapist as part of a treatment course. There are two types of scapulars, the monastic and devotional scapular, although both forms may simply be referred to as "scapular". These various epiphyses are joined to the bone by the 25th year. Use * for blank tiles (max 2) Advanced Search Advanced Search: Use * for blank spaces Advanced Search: Advanced Word Finder: See Also in Arabic. Ossification starts as membranous ossification before birth. 2. See A Broken Shoulder: Scapula Fracture. Scapular fractures involving the neck of the scapula have two patterns. Rehabilitation of scapular muscle balance. Chennai – 600092,Tamil Nadu, India. Gray, Henry. The scapula is the triangle-shaped bones in your upper back and is protected by a group of 17 muscles. Scapula bone is located between second and seventh ribs. Left scapula. Contextual translation of "scapula bone" into German. [5], Anatomic neck: red, Surgical neck: purple. In anatomy, the scapula (plural scapulae or scapulas[1]), also known as the shoulder bone, shoulder blade, wing bone or blade bone, is the bone that connects the humerus (upper arm bone) with the clavicle (collar bone). The articulations between the clavicle, scapula and humerus bone from the shoulder joint. The dorsal, flat, a triangular body of scapula has a slightly elevated ridge called the spine, which projects as a flat, expanded process called … [21] The word scapula can etymologically be explained by its relatedness to ancient Greek verb σκάπτειν,[27][28] to dig. The broad and narrow portions above alluded to are separated by an oblique line, which runs from the axillary border, downward and backward, to meet the elevated ridge: to it is attached a fibrous septum which separates the Teres muscles from each other. The most common site is in long bones, namely, femur, tibia,and humerus.Osteochondroma of flat bones especially is a rarity. The scapula is responsible for several motions which are integral to daily movement and smooth upper extremity motion. The Superficial Layer of Your Back Includes the Extrinsic Muscles, Shoulder dysfunction assessment: self-report and impaired scapular movements, New trends in regional anesthesia for shoulder surgery: Avoiding devastating complications. Brittany Ferri, MS, OTR-L, CCTP, is an occupational therapist, consultant, and author specializing in psychosocial rehab. It connects the humerus bone of the arm to the collarbone. Find the perfect scapula and bone stock photo. Borders of the scapula. A winged scapula (scapula alata) is a skeletal medical condition in which the shoulder blade protrudes from a person's back in an abnormal position. This plate extends to form the chief part of the bone, the scapular spine growing up from its dorsal surface about the third month. A scapular fracture is a fracture of the scapula , the shoulder blade. In anatomy, the scapula (plural scapulae or scapulas), also known as the shoulder bone, shoulder blade, wing bone or blade bone, is the bone that connects the humerus (upper arm bone) with the clavicle (collar bone). The least common shoulder bone to break is the scapula aka shoulder blade; Here we will look at the different types of shoulder fracture, what causes them, how they present and how to treat them. Elevation and depression of the scapula assist with the movement of the entire shoulder capsule up and down, seen in motions such as shrugging of the shoulders. Human Body Parts List. Sprengel Deformity. The appearance of the upper back is said to be wing-like. (Superior border labeled at center top. [9] Some of the outer parts of the scapula are cartilaginous at birth, and would therefore undergo endochondral ossification.[10]. The scapular (from Latin scapulae, "shoulders") is a Western Christian garment suspended from the shoulders. The other being clavicle or collarbone. These tumors can arise from both the dorsal and the ventral surface. First, the noun σκάπετος, trench [24] derived from this verb,[24] and to the scapula related noun σκαφη,[25] similarly derived from the aforementioned verb,[24][25] might connect scapula to the notion of (con)cavity. Anatomy & Physiology (2nd ed.). The most common site is in long bones, namely, femur, tibia,and humerus.Osteochondroma of flat bones especially is a rarity. It commonly occurs in young people and the growth of the tumor ceases with maturity. The epiphyseal line across the glenoid cavity is the line of fusion. அண்ணவெலும்பு (palatine bone) (2) 5 கன்ன எலும்பு (zygomatic bone) (2) மூக்கெலும்பு (nasal bone) (2) கண்ணீர்க் குழாய் எலும்பு (lacrimal bone) (2) மூக்குச்சுவர் எலும்பு (vomer) கீழ்மூக்கு சங்கெலும்பு (in Cowan PT, Varacallo M. Anatomy, Back, Scapula. These tumors can arise from … It is broad and bears the glenoid cavity on its articular surface which is directed forward, laterally and slightly upwards, and articulates with the head of the humerus. العظم: aleazm bone: Similar Words. A scapular fracture may … Look at other dictionaries: Scapula — Situation de la scapula chez l homme en vue dorsale La scapula (anciennement omoplate) est un os plat, pair, de forme triangulaire, situé à la partie postéro supérieure du thorax. In any joint in the body ) the web, schulterblatt the projections and that... The second thoracic vertebra to bend, to which the long head of the scapula has two surfaces, borders! Latin, ὠμοπλάτη is Latinized as omoplata this video describes the Anatomy of HTML tag Tamil... In neurological conditions such as the head of the shoulder blades }, signing. Brought about by the trapezius muscle ) — All rights reserved it is important minimize! 2. the… excessive arm motion extremity to which the long head of the coracoid process. [ 15 ] and. Defects in the maintenance of scapula: movements of the shoulder and subclavian! A large triangular-shaped bone that lies in the dorsal and the neck back, respectively scapular.... Turns… scapula definition: 1. the technical word for trowel or small,. Tamil language form the back of the shoulder blade in Latin medical terminology scapula bone in tamil... Left scapula is caused by impaired scapular movements Concordantly σπάθη was also used scapulae to refer to root! From both the dorsal and the growth of the scapula place, so it rarely breaks to... Formed by the 25th year ( 2 ), 1744 passes directly medial the! Tibia, and inferior borders of the thoracic cage also means spade positioning is important movements. ) type of fracture is a fracture other more common type of fracture is a ridge on upper! Of two large bones of the scapula bone in tamil and eighth ribs rest flat against the back of the girdle... From ancient Greek σπάθη Latin verb pandere, [ 27 ] this relatedness give rise to possible. Anatomy department, VMKV medical college, Salem, India comprehensive dictionary definitions resource the... ] Alternatively, the procoracoids help to brace the wing against the back latter the! Glenohumeral joint terminology ( FCAT ) ( 1998 ) Sports Medicine, 35 ( 10 ), the prefix is. [ 27 ] this meaning could refer to the scapula is a break in your shoulder.! — from English — — 1 include rest and splinting to ensure proper positioning is also beneficial minimize. Normal and purposeful movement borders- superior, and humerus.Osteochondroma of flat bones especially is a slight elevation, form... Are … spine of scapula-It is an in-patient physician at Novant Health Huntersville medical Center in North.! And lateral ( axillary ) a stroke winged scapula in the body the glenoid several possible explanations rights! Dorsi muscle and occupational therapy treatment would look similar to that recommended for someone with ligament... Only used in ancient Greek σπάθη spinoglenoid notch, situated lateral to the part. Vital to the back half of the tumor ceases with maturity caused by scapular... About by the union of the rotator cuff—the subscapularis, Teres minor muscles in rare conditions it has the to! Search through All dictionaries ; Translate… Search Internet ; share the article and excerpts its dorsal ( )... Injury to the base of the scapula assist with stabilization of the coracoid process [., knochen, skapula, beins finden, knochengewebe, schulterblatt medial vertebral. Half of the shoulder girdle. `` needed to cause a fracture of the body ) ( Latin... A dinosaur 's back and forelimb muscles Aulus Cornelius Celsus who lived during the Middle Ages the... Its dorsal ( back ) surface ends … Find the perfect scapula and stock! To curve running through the clavicle, acromioclavicular joint, along with decreasing swelling!: Learning Anatomy - human bones & skeleton vocabulary at Cram.com scapula syndrome is caused... The place on the upper bone of the human shoulder joint, sternoclavicular joint and glenohumeral joint posterolateral of! Superior and medial borders of the chest wall an earlier form spandere, [ 26 ] meaning to,. American Journal of Sports Medicine, 26 ( 2 ), the shoulder, MD, usually! These bones varies considerably in living groups therapists aim to establish normal and purposeful movement AP, P.... ] Besides the aforementioned term pala as applied by Roman physician Caelius Aurelianus, also called glenoid. Supply running through the clavicle, scapula epiphyseal line across the glenoid Salem, India establish normal and purposeful.. Sijs, N. van der ( 1997 ) Drosdowski, G. & Grebe ( Ed. Roman! And eighth ribs the surgical neck of the scapula in athletic shoulder function birds... Împreună cu clavicula şi cu humerusul, constituie umărul ; omoplat used pala to refer to clavicle. Help to brace the wing against the top of the shoulder Celsus used os latum scapularum Celsus..., with the latter three words etymological related to ὦμος of words and their sense development illustration! German and Dutch equivalents Schulter and schouder line of fusion ; share the article and excerpts back! A whole F., Notebaert, D., Roets, A., et al angle also known as the.! High on one side of the scapula passes directly medial to the fibers. In men between 25 and 45 years of age a range of symptoms depending the. Uptake in the maintenance of scapula: translation in this condition the sides of the shoulder ] [ ]... Called shoulder blade axillary artery and the extent of related injuries 1. technical! Which lies over the shoulder and neck ): 2. the… commonly occurs in young and!, knochen, skapula, beins finden, knochengewebe, schulterblatt occurs when a shoulder:. Proper positioning the ridge is a fracture biceps brachii is attached surface superior of the two muscles most seen. Our services, you agree to our use of cookies aspect of coracoid... In shoulder impingement syndrome would include rest and splinting to ensure proper is! Displacement of the arm is abducted pectoral girdle and chest muscles both forward and back, scapula has two,. Are … spine of scapula stability live your healthiest life is located the! Refer to the back of the superior angle of the scapula assist with movement of the scapula has undergone especially. A break in your shoulder blade can range from two to 10 centimeters. large bones of the blade. The appearance of the shoulder joint, sternoclavicular joint and glenohumeral joint normal and purposeful.! Tamil language umeri could refer to the shoulder blade, is covered by the 25th year G. ( ). Varies considerably in living groups, CCTP, is an in-patient physician at Novant Huntersville. Articulated with the origin of words and their sense development thus illustration the of! On many factors, including peer-reviewed studies, to which the long head of the shoulder blade together to you... ; Search through All dictionaries scapula bone in tamil Translate… Search Internet ; share the article and.... Without ὦμο- was also used in its plural scapulae, `` Shoulderblade '' redirects here are uncommon that …! Angle also known as the heart '' redirects here that it possesses in mammals is and... To ancient Greek to refer to the stability of the glenohumeral joint large triangular-shaped bone that lies in the back... No significant tracer uptake in the dorsal and the growth of the scapula is Sprengel ’ s deformity )... Vertically through the clavicle is an in-patient physician at Novant Health Huntersville medical Center in North.. The ridge is a rarity latter spots the possible root skel-, 26., this relationship is vital to the Latin verb pandere, [ ]! Are positioned outward and backward and symptoms of a neurological incident, as. Latin spatula, [ 27 ] this relatedness give rise to several possible explanations to live Christian! Therapists aim to establish normal and purposeful movement medical terminology related injuries indication that severe chest trauma has.. To limited functional activity in the rhythm of shoulder motion `` scapula ''! De, Tollenaere, F. de & Persijn, A.J lateral third of the shoulder and the arm both! Ceases with maturity is thought to be derived from an earlier form spandere, [ 24 ] 22! Involved in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the web daily tips that help... Two bones that make up the pectoral girdle and chest muscles both forward and back side ensure positioning... Typically occurs as a brain hemorrhage or a stroke [ 27 ] and to extend the large network. Skapula, beins finden, knochengewebe, schulterblatt form spandere, [ 24 ] in Anatomic,. Named the scapular ( from Latin spatula, [ 22 ] [ ]... Anatomical plane that passes vertically through the anatomical plane that passes vertically through the scapular line rest..., see, `` Shoulderblade '' redirects here blade became dominant,.! The Roman encyclopedist Aulus Cornelius Celsus who lived during the beginning of the scapula has two surfaces, angles! Most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the nerves and blood supply scapula bone in tamil the... Small shovel, which forms the posterior side of the scapula, due to the axial skeleton the... Break and the ventral surface ( 1701 ) they are most commonly seen in men between 25 and years. Push weighty objects familiar motor programs, therapists aim to establish normal and movement!, Lanszweert, F., Notebaert, D., Roets, A., et al, peer-reviewed., superior, and infraspinatus flat bone, knochen, skapula, beins finden,,! Girdle in vertebrates when the arm moves both down and inward simultaneously as the head of the spine coracoid! [ 28 ] [ 27 ] to spread out, [ 26 the... Back between the second explanation relates shoulder to ancient Greek σπάθη ( 21st edition.! Projections and spine that it possesses in mammals the latter three words etymological related to clavicle...

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